What is Black Fungus Or Mucormycosis?

Image of Black Fungus
Black Fungus Or Mucormycosis – Representational Image

It has been more than 16 months since the pandemic took over the world, with new symptoms keep on showing every day. One such symptom is going to give India a hard time and it is called Black Fungus Or Mucormycosis. It is a rare fungal infection it is caused by a group of molds called micromycetes. While the symptom has spread a widespread alarm, it is important to know that it doesn’t affect everyone.

Black Fungus Or Mucormycosis is caused by exposure to mucor mould which is commonly found in soil, plants, and decaying vegetables & fruits. This fungal disease has been reported in many countries. In India, cases of Black Fungus have been reported in Kerala, Maharashtra, etc.

Black Fungus Or Mucormycosis is ubiquitous and found in soil and air and even in the nose and mucus of healthy people”

Dr Akshay Nair, Mumbai-based eye surgeon

Alarm for COVID-19 survivors

It can be affected in the respiratory system, Face, Nose, and Brain. COVID-19 is more of a disease that affects internally and physically one cannot recognize it externally unlike Black Fungus. This fungal disease can be fatal if it affects the brain. The Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of Mucormycosis is more than 50%.

Also Read: COVID-19: India’s Healthcare System Has CollapsedThe Liberal Wing

It mostly affects Covid survivors or the ones with less immunity power. It most commonly affects middle-aged and older adults. The risk of developing dangerous symptoms increases with age because of a less immune body.

Symptoms of Black Fungus

The various symptoms of Black Fungus are following:

  • Nasal blockage or congestion.
  • Numbness or swelling on the cheekbone.
  • Double vision with pain.
  • Blackish discoloration of the nose.
  • Loosening of teeth.
  • Necrotic skin lesion.
  • Chest pain, pleural effusion, worsening of respiratory symptoms.

The treatment for the Black fungus is Anti-Fungal treatment. Surgery for fatal or visible symptoms at the last stage of fungal disease. The rampant use of steroids is also a cause for this infection. The disease has not been reported widely yet. Nevertheless, it should be taken care of with utmost care and vigilance.

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